Race with the machines - a TED talk you may need to watch it on YouTube if TED videos are blocked "As machines take on more jobs, many find themselves out of work or with raises indefinitely postponed.
Matt Ridley argues that, through history, the engine of human progress and prosperity has been, and is, "ideas having sex with each other. That actions are at once obligatory and at the same time unenforceable is what put them in the category of the ethical.
Since the superintelligence may become unstoppably powerful because of its intellectual superiority and the technologies it could develop, it is crucial that it be provided with human-friendly motivations. Starting from the premise that the goal of ethical philosophy should be to help humans adapt and thrive in evolutionary terms, Kropotkin's ethical framework uses biology and anthropology as a basis — in order to scientifically establish what will best enable a given social order to thrive biologically and socially — and advocates certain behavioural practices to enhance humanity's capacity for freedom and well-being, namely practices which emphasise solidarity, equality, and justice.
These "values" are not listed in any particular order Values involve how we deal with others. The same holds for questions of policy and long-term planning; when it comes to understanding which policies would lead to which results, and which means would be most effective in attaining given aims, a superintelligence would outperform humans.
For the vast majority of us whose view of the Universe requires that people act in ways which nurture, protect and refrain from harming others, these tests will help us determine how satisfying a decision will be in the long run.
Finding notable, new facts is getting harder. Artificial minds could therefore quickly come to exist in great numbers, although it is possible that efficiency would favor concentrating computational resources in a single super-intellect.
The same holds for human uploads. It fails the tests of the Golden Rule, universality society wouldn't work if everyone did it and disclosure cheating by its nature is secretive. Analyze the moral failures of the characters in this film to determine whether or not they fell into the most common rationalizations for not acting ethically.
If, on the other hand, we get nanotechnology first, we will have to face both the risks from nanotechnology and, if these risks are survived, also the risks from superintelligence. A - C are fairly clear. Thinking Critically and Creatively and How Military Professionals Can Do it Betterby McConnell et al, in Small Wars Journal, 16 Sep This essay will summarize how cognitive theorists have described critical and creative thinking in general, and how some military practitioners have applied them.
Thus, we should prioritize social reform over attempts to account for consequences, individual virtue or duty although these may be worthwhile attempts, if social reform is provided for.
Consistent actions are joyful and we can focus our full energies on what we are doing. Below are five examples.
Conversely, there are severe negative consequences for people who act in ways that violate their relationship with the Universe. Innovation Starvationby Stephenson, in World Policy Journal, Fall Still, I worry that our inability to match the achievements of the s space program might be symptomatic of a general failure of our society to get big things done.
It is likely that any technology that we can currently foresee will be speedily developed by the first superintelligence, no doubt along with many other technologies of which we are as yet clueless. Demonstrate the ability to understand, interpret, and produce both oral and written communication in a foreign language Demonstrate an understanding of relationships among the products, perspectives, and practices of the culture s studied Develop insight into the nature of language and culture Courses SPAN - Intermediate Spanish I 3 credits FREN - Intermediate French I 3 credits GERM - Intermediate German I 3 credits Goal 11 An understanding of issues dealing with physical and mental well being through physical activity two credits.
However, it's much more than that. To be able to determine if we really want to do something, we need to think about how it will affect the stakeholders and what they value in their lives. Under deontology, an act may be considered right even if the act produces a bad consequence,  if it follows the rule or moral law.
Our most important focus in life is the people we associate with, our families, friends, fellow students or workers, and our larger community. Keep tabs on what is occurring and modify our conduct when appropriate in light of how the conduct will affect our values.
Usually this is available at health food stores and costs more than the meat raised on a factory farm. Hardware aside, the marginal cost of creating an additional copy of an upload or an artificial intelligence after the first one has been built is near zero.
In that sense, the other animals on the planet are our fellow creatures. Jonah Lehrer explores creativity from a scientific perspective and discusses questions such as why we have our best ideas in the shower.
This point bears emphasizing, for anthropomorphizing superintelligence is a most fecund source of misconceptions. Or to put it in a different way, if your top goal is X, and if you think that by changing yourself into someone who instead wants Y you would make it less likely that X will be achieved, then you will not rationally transform yourself into someone who wants Y.
Since artificial intelligences are software, they can easily and quickly be copied, so long as there is hardware available to store them. Our sense of equality revolts at such an idea. Do schools kill creativity? The Age of Spiritual Machines:Ethical Issues in Cross-Cultural Psychology––– ––– more precisely, the incorrect application and interpretation of cross-cultural research) can be used to ignore the large degree of.
Dartmouth Writing Program support materials - including development of argument. Fundamentals of Critical Reading and Effective Writing. Mind Mirror Projects: A Tool for Integrating Critical Thinking into the English Language Classroom (), by Tully, in English Teaching Forum, State Department, Number 1 Critical Thinking Across the Curriculum Project, Metropolitan Community College.
Ethical Issues in Cross-Cultural Psychology––– ––– more precisely, the incorrect application and interpretation of cross-cultural research).
Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues invites readers to apply ethical principles to issues that exemplify the kinds of moral challenges encountered in everyday life.
It provides an overview of the need for ethics and then focuses on strategies for effective decision making. Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concern matters of value, and thus comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology.
Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong. Normative ethics is the study of ethical action. It is the branch of ethics that investigates the set of questions that arise when considering how one ought to act, morally speaking.Download