The constructivist interest, like that of the realist, was oil. Behind the rhetoric of universal values, the USA has used the war to justify a wide range of policy positions that strengthen its economic and military power while undermining various multilateral agreements on the arms control, the environment, human rights and trade.
Difference in ideologies and hunger for hegemony engulfed these two superpowers into Cold War which begun in Columbia university press,7. While there was considerable analytical coalescence within the discipline around realism thereafter, interest in international institutions and cooperation remained and led to the development of liberalism as a broad category of theories collectively interested in exploring the role of nonstate actors, international institutions, cooperation, and democracy in international affairs.
Both powers followed their own ideologies. The United Nations responded with various diplomatic options, including trade embargos and economic sanctions, in an attempt to oust the Iraqi military from Kuwait without the use of force.
And the national interest of a state will still be survival and security. All these theories form the backbone of public discourse and analysis Snyder, and thus this essay seeks to compare and contrast the three theories. Knorr, Klaus, and James N. The followers of realist school of thought conclude that in case of security threats states will have a trust in their own power not in the promises of global institutions.
The three major theories used in this process are liberalism, realism and constructivism. On the other hand, the liberalists hold the same views as the realists in that they also view the state as a primary unit of analysis, but they also believe that international law and organizations, including the non governmental ones have an important part to play in world politics.
Two major theories purposed by theorists are: The content and parameters of IR theories are usually described in contrast to one another, yet each perspective consists of multiple variants, some of which are in disagreement and competition with one another.
Liberalism "Liberalismis a paradigm predicated on the hope that the application of reason and universal ethics to international relations can lead to a more orderly, just, and cooperative world; liberalism assumes that anarchy and war can be policed by institutional reforms that empower international organization and law.
Iraq war which wasn't justifed by United Nations, several other states and non state actors was still carried out by United States to fulfil its national interests.
Liberalists also believe that behaviour of state is regulated by its decision makers, bureaucrats and various other interest groups with divergent interests and goals. Without historic background of an issue, it is nearly impossible to understand the events driving that issue in modern times.
However, this theory, since it focuses on military strength of countries, does a good job in explaining the US reaction to September11 attack for example its use of military power against Iraq in its fight against terrorism.
For example, realists were not able to predict when the cold war would come to an end. While liberalism believes war to be avoidable through education, reformation of social institutions, and shared interests with other nations, realism finds war to be an unavoidable consequence of the self-preservation of the state.
For them, they are more optimistic about these relations for they believe that, it is very possible to achieve peace and cooperation in international behaviors.
This is because this theory may mean different things to different people. Individually, these postpositivist perspectives focused on exploring different aspects of what established theories missed or marginalized.
All the theories focus on different things. There is a wide sphere of views in international relations, with peoples opinions differing greatly. A Disciplinary History of International Relations. Postmodernism, for example, concentrates on mapping out the hegemonic discourses of IR and of the discipline itself.
The realists are primarily concerned with war and security. The theory also fails in prescribing how to go about peaceful transitions. Secondly, the consequences of Eurocentrism including how international theory benefits Westerns states through the likes of security issues moreover imperialism.
It regards states as primary analysis units and it sees power from a military perspective. The theories can also be used to look at current events and attempt to predict future events.
Liberals believe that military is costly substitute of dealing with problems. Rather, postpositivist approaches exist alongside established IR theories, in which analytical innovation and variation has continued. This is in keeping with the realist line of thinking that man is greedy, and that the state should act in the interest of self-preservation.
Indeed it can be said that in recent years, international theory has become more diversified Barnett More about International Relations' Theories Realism vs. Liberalism. International Relation Theories of Realism and Liberalism Essay Words | 3 Pages; Political Comparison of Realism and Liberalism Words | 8 Pages; Neo-Realism and Liberalism: Comparing These Two Different Frameworks Used in International Relations Words | 5 Pages; Realism Vs.
International Relations Theory Essay International relations theory is an umbrella term for perspectives used within the field of international relations (IR) for understanding and analyzing political, economic, and social activity on a global scale. Realism is a broad intellectual tradition that explains international relations in terms of power and the exercise of that power by states towards each other.
This theory is based on few key beliefs such as: Power, State, Anarchy, Alliances and Balances of power.
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Tutorial 1 1. Identify the three ‘mechanisms’ of progress in liberal internationalism International Relations Theory. International Relations consist of a wide range of theories which deals with a variety of issues occurring in the politics of the world.
The complexity of these issues forced scholars to develop different types of theories, each of which gives a unique explanation of world politics on the basis of various assumptions.
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORY. Why do states behave the way they do in the international system? Some people argue that this is a question of international relations theory while others say it is a question of foreign policy theory.
For our purposes, we shall consider them as the same issue.Download